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Insurance Basics Fact Sheet

What is Insurance?
Insurance is a contract, a policy, in which an individual or entity receives financial protection or reimbursement against losses from an insurance company. The company pools clients’ risks to make payments more affordable for the insured.

Types of Insurance
Several types of insurance are designed to protect against different types of risks. Here are some common types:

  1. Health Insurance: Covers medical expenses resulting from illnesses, injuries, and other health conditions.
  2. Life Insurance: Provides a payout to designated beneficiaries upon the policyholder’s death.
  3. Auto Insurance: Covers damages from auto accidents, theft, and other vehicular incidents.
  4. Homeowners Insurance: Covers damages to a home and its contents and protects against potential liabilities.
  5. Renters Insurance: Provides similar coverage to homeowners insurance but for individuals who rent their living space.
  6. Business Insurance: Covers businesses against losses due to events that may occur during the normal course of business, including property damage, legal liability, and employee-related risks.
  7. Disability Insurance: Provides income if a worker cannot perform their work and earn money due to a disability.
  8. Flood Insurance: Protects against water damage not typically covered by homeowners insurance.

Insurance Policy Components
Insurance policies are made up of several components:

  1. Premium: This is the amount you pay the insurance company to keep your policy active. Premiums can be paid monthly, quarterly, or annually.
  2. Deductible: This is the amount you must pay out of pocket before your insurance benefits begin. Deductibles can vary widely depending on the type of insurance and your policy details.
  3. Coverage Limit: This is the maximum amount your insurance company will pay for a covered loss.
  4. Policy Period: The time during which the policy is effective.
  5. Exclusions: These are specific situations, conditions, or circumstances not covered by the policy.

Importance of Insurance
Insurance is critical because it protects your financial well-being by providing a safety net for large, unexpected costs or liabilities. Without insurance, you’re financially exposed to risks that could lead to significant out-of-pocket expenses.

Remember, the specific terms and conditions of coverage are outlined in the insurance policy. Review your policy documents carefully and contact your insurance agent with any questions.

Need more information?
If you have any further questions about insurance, don’t hesitate to get in touch with us. Our team is always here to help you understand and make the most out of your coverage.

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